This is a indication of the little knowledge that we have about this genus so far. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. tarakshagūn, wild chicory] Taraxacum mongolicum Handel-Mazzetti, Monogr. taraxacum spp    CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Dandelion (Taraxacum spp) is used in many traditional and modern herbal medical systems, as has been documented particularly in Asia, Europe, and North America. Phytomedicine 2005;12:588-97. Taraxacum vulgare (Lam.) Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. In order to improve yield and performance of the plant in the field, greenhouse cultivation is another aspect taken into account, deriving an increase in recovery of bioactives from Taraxacum organs. Ar. Taraxacum officinale is available at Remedia Homeopathy more information and order at Remedia Homeopathy. Dandelion (Taraxacum spec) is a wild plant that has been used for centuries as a traditional medicine in the relief and treatment of several diseases. Taraxacum. → Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg. Only once the recovery of pure and highly reactive compounds can be pursued at (a qualitatively and quantitatively attractive) economical scale, human clinical trials would be of interest in order to prove their efficacy and safety, positioning Taraxacum as an important commercial source of natural drugs. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. In other areas, Taraxacum sports an enormous list of compounds of industrial interest; and while it is true that only a small amount of these compounds is immediately available in Taraxacum organs and makes it relatively commercially unattractive, only scarce efforts have been made to improve yields. 1907. Leontodum taraxacum. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) May 2, 2011 by Calvin Jones 3 Comments. name refers    Taraxacum officinale is a plant. We studied total of 187 individuals from two morphological series of apomictic accessions of Taraxacum officinale agg., i.e., T. sect. liver function    french dent    Even while considering that only a few species have been studied, their different biochemical and cultivation profiles indicate huge potential for qualitative improvements in composition through genetic engineering, thus directly impacting pharmacological properties. Deu. Pharmacology is the main area in which these plants have been tested, thanks in part to its widely known traditional uses; however, there is less than enthusiastic interest in further human clinical trials. Taraxacum officinale, also known as dandelion, is a vegetable occasionally used as a salad green. Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae).. N.O. Download : Download high-res image (191KB)Download : Download full-size image. There is little evidence that it is effective for any condition. pu2 gong1 ying1    During the former, agricultural and genetics research on this plant were, due to the shortage of natural rubber, the focus. In contrast, the main drive in Taraxacum research is now the recovery of bioactives and/or applications in medicine. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). Schrank, Asteraceae: See Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wiggers ssp. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Taste/Smell: Leaves and root are somewhat bitter but also slightly sweet taste in the root. The whole plant is dried and used as a tea. Taraxacum officinale and related species-An ethnopharmacological review and its potential as a commercial medicinal plant. The root is primarily considered a gastrointestinal remedy, supporting digestion and liver function, while the leaf is used as a diuretic and bitter digestive stimulant. Compounding this issue, most studies of its growth and cultivation have been focused mainly on controlling it as a weed detrimental to certain industrial crops. Biotechnology (involving genetics, agriculture, and biology) is the most powerful means by which to take advantage of all the medicinal potential of Taraxacum. english name dandelion, Developed at and hosted by The College of Information Sciences and Technology, © 2007-2019 The Pennsylvania State University, The College of Information Sciences and Technology. Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg. Oh SM, Kim HR, Park YJ, Lee YH, Chung KH. It also improved soil aggregation. 56 (1780) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. ssp. common name    Two important periods of research on Taraxacum have been identified: the first, between 1930 and 1950; and the second, from 1990 to today. This should shed light on the potential of this plant as an attractive commercial herbal medicine. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Of all the species referenced, T. officinale, Taraxacum mongolicum, Taraxacum laevigatum (syn. The aim of this work is to provide a current review of developments and trends in research on the Taraxacum genus, with a focus on traditional uses and pharmacological properties. Taraxacum officinale has been reported to possess antioxidant activities. diuretic nature    Dandelion has a diuretic effect when ingested. in Korean: 韓語發音﹕ p'ogongyong: Pron. : common dandelion, dandelion, lion's tooth. A pleasant tea is made from the flowers. Flowers - raw or cooked. However, whether it can protect neurons against oxidative damage and the underlying molecular mechanisms have not been fully determined. This use is due to the presence of sesquiterpenes, saponins, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and sugars, among others, found in the organs of the plant. The root is primarily considered a gastrointestinal remedy supporting digestion and liver modern herbal medical system    67. This process was based on a thorough search of documents indexed by scientific search engines. Other names for this homeopathic remedy: Taraxacum officinale, Pusteblume, Paffenröhrlein, Löwenzahn, gemeiner, Leontodum taraxacum, Kuhblume, Hundeblume, gemeiner Löwenzahn, Dandelion, Taraxacum, Abstract Plants of the genus Taraxacum, commonly known as dandelions, are used to treat breast cancer in traditional folk medicine. The following uses are also probably applicable to this species, though we have no records for them Root - cooked. 蒙古蒲公英 meng gu pu gong ying Herbs 8-25 cm. Natural History. It is considered by herbalists to be antioxidant and an anti-cancer agent. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. Taraxacum. Dandelion (Taraxacum spp) is used in many traditional and modern herbal medical systems, as particularly has been documented in Asia, Europe, and North America. Click here for photos of Taraxacum officinale.. Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wigg. of T. erythrospermum), Taraxacum platycarpum, and T. kok-saghyz were the most referenced species in all the areas previously established with a total of almost 50% of all the references (Fig. many indo-european tongue    Dandelion (Taraxacum mongolicum) could be served as a food and a drug, and it can be applied in a hot pepper sauce, which extended its application in nutritional and functional value. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. The plant is self-fertile. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Edible parts of Taraxacum mongolicum: Young leaves - raw or cooked. fairy clock    Dandelion Prim.Fl.Holsat. It is a good source of potassium. officinale Show All Show Tabs common dandelion General Information; Symbol: TAOFO Group: Dicot Family: Asteraceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Forb/herb: Native Status: AK I CAN I GL I HI I L48 I PR I SPM I: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. The common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver tufted fruits that disperse in the wind. Taraxacum mongolicum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). (歐 產蒲公英 ) Pron. ... were treated either with a herbal powder mix containing several herbs including Taraxacum mongolicum, or used as the control group. It is a general stimulant, but especially tonic to the urinary system. Considerada xeneralmente como una "meruxa", les sos fueyes peracabar n'ensalada y atribuyéronse-y … The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Taraxacum mongolicum Hand..- M.azz. Dandelion - Taraxacum officinalis (in the Asteraceae or Aster family) Part Used: Whole plant, leaves, flowers, roots. Taraxacum is has been traditionally considered a natural remedy, well-inserted into popular knowledge, but with low commercial applicability. ” The herb is similarly named in many Indo-European tongues, also being called “lion’s tooth” in German (Löwenzahn) and Spanish (diente de leon). Taraxacum (syn. This name is not current. Taraxacum officinale contains chemicals that may increase urine production and decrease pain and swelling. bitter digestive stimulant    Great strides have been made in identifying metabolic pathways for synthesizing terpenes, one of the most important compound families in clinical applications. Abstract. @MISC{_dandelion(taraxacum,    author = {},    title = {Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale and T mongolicum)},    year = {}}, Dandelion (Taraxacum spp) is used in many traditional and modern herbal medical systems, as has been documented particularly in Asia, Europe, and North America. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. lion tooth    Check with your health-care professional before using herbs or herbal supplements. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2015.03.067. This is a indication of the little knowledge that we have about this genus so far. Both species are edible in their entirety. Dandelions are found all over Ireland and are one of our most widespread and successful wildflowers. L. fr. Taraxacum mongolicum is a famous traditional Chinese medicine derived from Taraxacum genus for the treatment of inflammatory disorders and viral infectious diseases. See more. The above ground parts are used as natural herbal supplements and for many conditions. Schinz & R. Keller. Oxidative stress-mediated neuron damage is considered an important contributor to the pathogenesis and development of neurodegenerative diseases. toothed margin    It has also been called fairy clock in English, though the reason for this name is unknown. View abstract. Taraxacum formosanum (臺灣産蒲公英) Taraxacum officinale Wigg. in Japanese: 日語發音﹕ hokoei: Pron. Pharmacology: Constituents: Dandelion has been used for diuretic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-carcinogenic, analgesic, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-coagulatory and prebiotic effects. Find out more information on related names. Tincture of whole plant just before the perfection of the flower. Ethanolic extract of dandelion (Taraxacum mongolicum) induces estrogenic activity in MCF-7 cells and immature rats. Tendencies: Cooling and drying. Wigg. Taraxacum officinale F.H. Engl. 5. modern french    Taraxacum officinale, la achicoria amargoso, tamién conocida como diente de lleón, hadubellmout y meacamas, ye una especie de planta con flor de la familia de les asteracees. Taraxacum officinale complex has also been used to improve the mycorrhizal colonization of maize, and this resulted in the maize having higher P content, shoot dry weight and yield compared to that provided by winter wheat as a cover crop (Kabir and Koide, 2000). Practical Herb Cards 2 Order your set today! The Plants Database includes the following 9 species of Taraxacum . The unopened flower buds can be used in fritters. Documents were collected, analyzed, and classified for information regarding medical, agronomic, genetic, and biological aspects of the Taraxacum species. To wit, in spite of all the research carried out, less than 1% of all the species identified so far (>2500) have been studied (including Taraxacum officinale, Taraxacum coreanum, Taraxacum mongolicum and Taraxacum platycarpum). Compositæ. The herb’s actions are cholagogues, choleretic, alkalizing, laxative, venotonic, astringent, diuretic, tonic and slightly aperient. To wit, in spite of all the research carried out, less than 1% of all the species identified so far (>2500) have been studied (including Taraxacum officinale, Taraxacum coreanum, Taraxacum mongolicum and Taraxacum platycarpum). Taraxacum Dens-leonis. Taraxacum definition, the dried roots of any of several composite plants of the genus Taraxacum, as the dandelion, T. officinale or T. laevigatum, used in medicine in powdered or fluidextract form chiefly as a tonic and aperient. Plant Material and DNA Extraction. gastrointestinal remedy    vulgare (Lam.) Our evidence-based analysis on taraxacum officinale features 79 unique references to scientific papers. Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Taraxacum (/ t ə ˈ r æ k s ə k ʊ m /) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions.The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. 58. [Mod. T. sect. taraxacum: ( tă-rak'să-kŭm ), The dried rhizome and root of Taraxacum officinale (family Compositae), the dandelion, a wild plant of wide distribution throughout the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere; alleged to be a tonic and hepatic stimulant. These balls are usually called "clocks" in both British and American English. In this review, the phytochemical constituents of dandelion (particularly from T. mongolicum and T. officinale) were … Taraxaci Herba ( Taraxacum mongolicum and other species) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine and dietary application for a long history in China, and Taraxacum officinale has been applied in medicinal and food use in other regions and cultures around the globe. Dandelion is called pu2 gong1 ying1 in Chinese (the num-, taraxacum officinale    Presl → Taraxacum F.H.Wigg. The name refers to the toothed margins of the leaves. Common Names The English name dandelion is a corruption of the French dent de leon, meaning “lion’s tooth. In both modern French and English, the name for dandeli-on reflects its diuretic nature—being called pissenlit (“pee the bed”) and pissabeds, respectively. north america    The reason for this name is unknown as natural herbal supplements, agronomic,,. The use of cookies Part used: whole plant just before the perfection of Taraxacum... 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Treatment of inflammatory disorders and viral infectious diseases referenced, T. officinale, known! Lion ’ s tooth genus so far anti-cancer agent however, whether it can in! The treatment of inflammatory disorders and viral infectious diseases 3 Comments bitter but also slightly sweet in... This process was based on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles medical...