Therefore, black locust trees are planted in regions where honeybees are operating to help them with their honey production. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Birds like the fruit and spread the seeds. umbraculifera This tree has thorns on both the base of the leaves and long their branches. It can be grown into a dense hedge, or pruned to form a twisting, multi-stemmed small tree. Incidentally, the pink flowers of the Robinia neomexicana are also edible. It can coppice, though again Jerome Osentowski reports that at his site it does not do so reliably. 12-18' tall x 12' wide (seed propagated) A deciduous, native shrub that develops great character with age. When leaves are young, they are tinged with touches of purple, and as the foliage matures, it develops to a deep bronze color. ; Note: non-cultivated wild native plants belong in this category; and cultivated native plants belong in Category: Crops originating from Pre-Columbian North America or Category: Crops originating from the United States, depending on when it was first cultivated. Stems, buds and leaves have a dense covering of silvery-to-rusty scales. Among landscaping trees, honey locust has become very common, and with good reason. It typically grows to around 45 feet tall, with a spread of around 35 feet. These flowers are attractive to bees and provide a good source of nectar. These small, multi-stemmed trees or large shrubs have fragrant, lilac-pink, pea-like flowers in large, showy clusters and large, pinnately compound leaves. They are all native to regions across North America, where they have since been cultivated for multiple reasons, including for use as hedging or erosion control. The honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos) is a fast-growing tree. This black locust can be grown as a shrub or a tree. The white flowers are also made into tea. Honey locust trees, like black locust trees, produce wood that is strong, durable, and high-quality. The white flowers are also made into tea. Honey locust trees are native to eastern parts of the United States. Pretty sure it is the Black Locust, it's still rather small but it looks nice and I noticed that it keeps most of its leaves in winter and I really like that. Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia). Form: Rounded. Very helpful. E.g. It can produce very high volumes of edible fruit, though you need both male and female plants to get it. The pods contain a sweetish pulp that is safe to eat and is relished by small children [201]. The flowers of the honey locust tree are petite and pale green. The beautiful whitish bark accentuates the bright yellow fall foliage. Sophora japonica Japanese pagoda tree 40-60 45-70 Does well in alkaline, saline soils; cream-colored flowers in early summer. Check other web resources for Robinia neomexicana A. Pruning back the plant in winter each year will encourage more twisting. Ulmus pumila Siberian elm 50-60 45-50 Brittle tree; use only away from buildings; locally 3-34B). These trees grow easily, even becoming mildly invasive in some regions. After the leaves wall off in the winter, the tree will grow new leaves in the spring, typically a few weeks earlier than the black locust tree. Cast your vote in the comments, and don’t forget to share this page with other interested growers! This variety of honey locust grows even more quickly than most other locust trees, making it an exceptional grower. The shademaster also does not produce fruit, making it extra low maintenance. The seed pods are also used as food for wildlife and livestock. This attribute has led to the honey locust tree also being known as the thorny locust tree, although thornless varieties are available. It produces vibrant yellow leaves that sometimes turn a shade of lime green, bringing stunning and unusual foliage colors to any garden. It will cope well with drought, poor soil quality, high salt levels, and air pollution. The seed pods are also used as food for wildlife and livestock. Eric Toensmeier is the award-winning author of Paradise Lot and Perennial Vegetables, and the co-author of Edible … The black locust tree is actually said to be able to improve the quality of the soil it is growing in, removing nitrogen from the air and releasing it into the soil. Learn more. Gray. The bristly locust needs to be grown in well-draining soils to thrive and has a low tolerance of poor growing conditions. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Tumblr Pinterest Reddit VKontakte Share via Email Print. For a tree native to the Southeastern US it gets around. Unlike many fast-growing trees, though, the honey locust does not have invasive roots or weak wood. pyramidalis: Robinia pseudoacacia var. It is heat and drought-resistant and enjoys full sun. Robinia neomexicana: New Mexico locust: edible flowers, firewood: nitrogen-fixer: New Mexico locust is a nitrogen-fixing, coppiced firewood plant. It is also used for reforestation and is used as a nurse species (Huntley, 1990), for mine soil reclamation (Stone, 2009) and for shade in urban areas (Boring and Swank, 1984). New Mexico Locust Tree (Robinia neomexicana) The New Mexico locust tree is also called the southwestern locust or hojalito. The honey locust tree is most commonly used in city landscaping, as it has so many benefits. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. This locust is a shrub that is commonly known as ‘moss shrub.’ It grows to around 8 feet tall and produces attractive bright green leaves and showy pink flowers with an intense fragrance. Lime color in the summer and and reddish-brown in the fall, the pods are 12 to 18 inches long and contain 12 to 14 seeds. The tree should also have good drainage as it prefers not to sit in soggy soil. Gray :. Just about the entire tree is useful in some way including the flowers. rusbyi: Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) Robinia pseudoacacia var. The leaves of the tree are oval and typically a blue-green color, though this does vary between cultivars. Lemmon in the Santa Catalina Mountains. New Mexico locust (Robinia neomexicana) is a good choice for the Southwest, and bristly locust (Robinia hispida) grows well in most of the lower 48 states. It grows very quickly, in a variety of conditions. Sedalia,Colorado. Fruits are edible and sweet but usually dry and mealy. A strong, narcotic and intoxicating drink is made from the skin of the fruit [13]. kelseyi: Robinia hispida var. They can be used as a flavouring in cooked dishes. 8 Different Types of Locust Trees & Their Uses, Frisia Black Locust - Robinia pseudoacacia 'Frisia', Purple Robe Black Locust - Robinia pseudoacacia 'Purple Robe', Twisty Baby Black Locust - Robinia pseudoacacia 'Lace Lady', Imperial Honey Locust - Gleditsia triacanthos inermis ‘Impcole’, Skyline Honey Locust - Gleditsia triacanthos ‘Skycole’, Shademaster Honey Locust - Gleditsia triacanthos var. Known hazards of Robinia neomexicana: The bark, root and seed are said to be poisonous. Different species have additional features that make them unique and easier to identify, like the range of their size and their variety of colors. The wood of this tree is commonly used in manufacturing fences. The mushroom is perennial, so a new pore surface is a… New Mexico locust blossoms (Robinia neomexicana-- ONLY FLOWERS, other parts are toxic) Fruits are a different story, and this may not be the best thread for them, but just to have them listed somewhere, here are the best for us so far: Prickly pear fruits; Wolfberries … Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are … Read on to find out about the most popular types of locust trees available and their care needs. In spite of this, the plant spreads easily via suckers and has become invasive in some parts of the US, including Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. Cercocarpus ledifolius is a very tough nitrogen-fixer, handling arid conditions and -50°F/-45°C! Bloom: Dense racemes 2-4″ long of white to pink pea-like flowers from spring to early summer The honey locust tree has attractive leaves that start out bright green and develop into yellow in the fall. It can be grown as a tree or a shrub, growing to around 10 feet in height. These thorns are said to be so sharp that they were once used as nails in the building. They are highly fragrant and are usually white, though some cultivars of the black locust tree can produce flowers in shades of pink and purple. It can tolerate drought and poor-quality soil and can be found growing natively in woodland and along the banks of rivers. The flowers grow in clusters that dangle from the tree and can measure anywhere between 4 and 10 inches in length. Other names for the New Mexico Locust tree include Desert Locust, Pink Locust, or Rose Locust tree. Phellinus robiniae is just one of many woody brown polypores that can be found growing on living or recently deceased trees. Timber neomexicana: Robinia neomexicana var. Inermis ‘Shademaster’, 9 Different Indoor Tropical Plants - Growing Guides & Photos. Robert’s garden. The flowers can be boiled, then dried and stored for later use. Each season, a locust tree shows off different distinguishing features that make them easier to sponsor. It has a wide spread that provides useful shade in park grounds. This variety is thornless, and it also does not bear fruit. Locusts are part of the pea family, Fabaceae, and can take the form of both trees and shrubs. In late spring to midsummer, New Mexico Locust (Robinia neomexicana) trees bloom on Mt. The hybrid between Robinia kelseyi and R. pseudoacacia, forming a small to medium-sized tree. The pulp was used as traditional medicine and food by Native Americans and is still used to make tea and in the production of beer. The flowers are the only part of the plant that is edible and can be eaten raw in salads or fried in tempura batter. Robinia neomexicana is a deciduous Tree growing to 2 m (6ft 7in) at a medium rate. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). It features dark green leaves that offer a contrasting background to the fragrant white summer blooms. Isely), New Mexico locust (Robinia neomexicana), clammy locust (R. viscosa), ... 2007) and a source of edible seeds. The pulp was used as traditional medicine and food by Native Americans and is still used to make tea and in the production of beer. Special Characteristics. Fragrant, they are made into fritters in America, Europe and Asia. 08. of 10. The New Mexico locust tree, or Robinia neomexicana, isn’t a Mexican tree, contrary to its name. Christmas Tree Economics: Are Baby Boomers Killing the Christmas Tree Industry? The most comprehensive list of edible plants I've come across. Robin, a lectin, is similar to but less toxic than ricin found in castor beans. https://www.backyardforager.com/locust-blossom-sorbet-recipe Reaching heights of 100 feet in the wild, this tree will typically grow to between 40 and 70 feet when cultivated. The black locust tree flowers profusely, with large clusters of beautiful blooms. They will grow in less than ideal conditions, but high soil pH, high salt levels, and a lack of moisture will make the tree more susceptible to pests and disease. It features deep purple branches from which stunning floral displays are produced in early spring and summer. Edible plants are quite common here in the Sonoran Desert, and many of them have traditionally been … The black locust tree typically flowers heavily, and this is one of the things that makes the tree so popular as an ornamental tree. The plant does have its uses and provides excellent erosion control on slopes and mountainsides that are affected by this problem. Figure 3-34B. Eric Toensmeier. Black locust trees are native to North America, and some examples can be found growing to heights of over 80 feet, though they typically grow to somewhere between 40 and 60 feet, with a large canopy spreading 30 feet across. However, it makes a brilliant source of firewood because its high density means it takes a long time to burn. It’s actually found mostly in the Southwest of the United States. Like many other locust trees, the skyline honey locust is adaptable to both moist and dry soil, and this variety, in particular, will grow happily in any soil pH. In some areas, the tree has also become invasive to the point of being considered a weed. In spite of its name, the honey locust tree is not used to support the production of honey. Edible – The flowers are edible and were eaten by Native Americans, but other parts of this plant are highly toxic. Cercocarpus ledifolius is a very tough nitrogen-fixer, handling arid conditions and -50F/-45C! https://www.barnesandnoble.com/charles-w-kane/, https://www.indiebound.org/charles-w-kane/, http://www.booksamillion.com/charles-w-kane/, Robinia neomexicana | New Mexican locust | Edible and Medicinal Uses, Medicinal Plants of the American Southwest, Medicinal Plants of the Western Mountain States, Sonoran Desert Food Plants: Edible Uses for the Desert’s Wild Bounty (Second Edition), Southern California Food Plants: Wild Edibles of the Valleys, Foothills, Coast, and Beyond, Wild Edible Plants of Texas: A Pocket Guide to the Identification, Collection, Preparation, and Use of 60 Wild Plants of the Lone Star State, Studies in Western Herbal Medicine (Retired), Rubus flagellaris | Northern dewberry | Edible and Medicinal Uses, Shepherdia canadensis | Buffalo berry | Edible Uses, Lithospermum incisum | Fringed puccoon | Medicinal Uses, Coriandrum sativum | Coriander | Medicinal Uses, Ceanothus velutinus | Red root | Medicinal Uses, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi | Uva-ursi | Medicinal Uses, Chaerophyllum procumbens | Wild chervil | Medicinal Uses, Hemerocallis fulva | Day lily | Edible Uses, Aloysia citriodora | Lemon verbena | Medicinal Uses, Rubus pensilvanicus | Pennsylvania blackberry | Edible and Medicinal Uses, Rosa multiflora | Multiflora rose | Edible and Medicinal Uses. Because black locust trees are so hard, the wood can be quite challenging to cut. However, it can adapt to growing in moist soil, just try to ensure it isn’t waterlogged. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. The tree has not been widely cultivated for the wood, but it is popular in niche markets for use in furniture. This makes it a much easier tree to keep as the clean-up of the fruit from honey locust trees can be quite a messy job. This variety of black locust trees is commonly cultivated for its ornamental quality. Good windbreak, erosion control and wildlife plants. Above: Robinia neomexicana, or as it's known to the layman, New Mexico locust. The name is thought to be a reference to the sweet-tasting pulp contained in the trees seed pods. The distinction between edible, medicinal, and deadly native plants can be tenuous in the field, especially within the potato-tomato family, Solanaceae, and the carrot-parsley family, Apiaceae. Seedpods - raw or cooked. nana: Robinia hispida var. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. This honey locust variety has a delicate feathery looking foliage that resembles a fern, starting out green through spring and summer, then changing to yellow in the fall before dropping in winter. The specific epithet, neomexicana, is the Latinized form of New Mexico, one of the locations where the plant is found. Otherwise, black locust trees may soon dominate your space. Principal Toxin. This is the best article I have found on this type of tree and includes its other types! The black locust tree is one of the most popular types of locust trees, probably because it has so many uses and is so easy to grow. It is in flower from July to August. The Black Locust is sometimes called the False Acacia, which is what its species name means in dead Latin. rosea: New Mexico locust (Robinia neomexicana) Robinia neomexicana var. Robinia neomexicana : New Mexico or rose locust – Deciduous large shrub to tree thicket forming (6-15’). They are very sharp and can measure anywhere up to 4 inches in length. Its name comes from the way its limbs twist and contort, giving it a very unusual look. Mexican palmetto Robinia neomexicana A. In male trees, the flowers form in dense clusters, while female flowers are more loosely arranged. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Robinia neomexicana (New Mexican locust). Robinia hispida var. When young, this polypore’s cap is light brown and may be velvety. Sedalia, Colorado. The Black Locust is sometimes called the False Acacia, which is what its species name … It usually appears on the side of a tree and grows out and down in semicircular layers from its point of attachment.1–3 As its common name suggests, one of the defining features of the Cracked Cap Polypore is its pileus, which becomes deeply cracked in age. It produces yellow-green flowers and grows to an average height of 35 feet. This type of ‘black’ locust tree thrives in states such as Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico. I just moved and was trying to identify a tree in the yard. It also tolerates salt, foot traffic, pollution a… Plants used in Native American cuisine. Growth Rate: Rapid. Photographs by George Miller. Outstanding Feature: Flowers; drought tolerance. The tree is hardy through USDA growing zones 4 to 8. They have a very strong scent. Edible Plants Listed here are some of the southeastern Arizona edible plants, the native and introduced plants with edible parts such as their flowers, fruit, leaves, or roots. Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. It is a long-lived tree that tolerates wind storms and ice. Robinia neomexicana: New Mexico locust: edible flowers, firewood: nitrogen-fixer: New Mexico locust is a nitrogen-fixing, coppiced firewood plant. It also has small leaves that don’t require collecting when they drop in the fall. The pods are eaten by many animals, including deer, cattle, squirrels, rabbits and birds. Its blooms are pale pink and appear in large, showy clusters, making this a popular ornamental plant. for 1+3, enter 4. The seed pods of this tree contain a sweet pulp that is edible, unlike the pods of the black locust tree, which are toxic and should not be consumed. To grow a black locust tree, all you will need is a large space that benefits from full sun. Serviceberry . Type: Deciduous flowering shrub or small tree. (This report is quite probably mistaken, having been confused with the honey locust, Gleditsia spp [K].) Growing Trees in Pots - Benefits, Tips & Tricks, Japanese Maple Tree - Care and Growing Tips, Different Types of Maple Trees with Pictures, Autumn Blaze Maple Tree - Growing & Care Guide, Clementine Tree Care and Propagation Tips. Black locust (Robinia neomexicana). Fragrant – … brewbooks/Flickr. This is particularly useful for municipalities as it means less clean up and less cost to keep an area looking tidy in the colder months. All of these attributes have led to the honey locust tree being widely cultivated for use in city landscaping. The leaves of this tree are green, turning copper and yellow in fall. It also prevents animals from reaching natural waterways by creating barriers along rivers. It grows as much as 20 feet in the first 10 years and can eventually grow 70 feet high. This is because they are too small to pick up, but also small enough that they won’t cause any blockages or problems for drains and sewage systems. Robert’s garden. Some records include: largest on record - 60 feet with a trunk diameter of 22 inches. Robinia neomexicana New Mexican locust 10-20 10-20 Fragrant, pink flowers in June; often shrubby; spreads from root sprouts. pseudoacacia: Robinia pseudoacacia var. The similar Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) is a large tree with dark bark, white or pinkish white flowers, and flat, winged bean pods. In farmland, it grows so quick that crops and grasses are poor competition against it. parryi Parry Agave Echeandia flavescens Crag Lily Yucca baccata Banana Yucca Yucca baileyi var. New Mexican locust Salix alaxensis (Anderss.) For a tree native to the Southeastern US it gets around. Locust trees are hardy and fast-growing members of the pea family that grow well in various environments. Female plants produce considerable quantities of blue-black berries that are eaten by birds. This locust tree species can grow into a tree or a shrub and it reaches heights of about 10 feet with beautiful purple branches and flower batches that bloom in spring and summer. The fact that the tree grows so quickly is also an advantage because it means high-quality wood can be produced in a short space of time. Black locust trees are a hardwood tree, and they make excellent high-quality timber that is durable and strong. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Robinia neomexicana (New Mexican locust). This is one of the main reasons that black locust trees are cultivated. Robinia neomexicana differs from R. pseudoacacia in that it has rose-pink flowers, hairy leaflets, finely haired young twigs and glandular hairy pods (Fig. It is slightly smaller in stature than the black locust tree, growing to a height of 40 feet with a spread of 25 feet. It prefers dry sandy soil that is able to drain well. Which variety of locust tree do you prefer? Edible parts of New Mexico Locust: Flowers - raw or cooked. Just about the entire tree is useful in some way including the flowers. Acanthaceae (Acanthus Family) Anisacanthus thurberi Desert Honeysuckle Carlowrightia linearifolia Carlowrightia *Elytraria imbricata Purple Scalystem Agavaceae (Agave Family) Agave palmeri Century Plant Agave parryi var. To prevent this problem, you will need to keep on top of the suckers. Robinia neomexicana is a spiny, deciduous shrub or small tree with a dense crown; it can grow from 1 - 8 metres tall. The yellow flowers bloom from this tree have a pleasant fragrance and are small and delicate (University of Florida Extension). The honey locust tree is popular in landscaping due to its large size, which is achieved in a short space of time because the tree is fast-growing. Cov., feltleaf willow Salix arbusculoides Anderss., peachleaf willow Salix bebbiana Sarg.. ... Acacia farnesiana, sweet acacia, and Parkinsonia aculeata, Jerusalem-thorn. Large clusters of pink flowers in spring followed by fuzzy seed pods. Incidentally, the pink flowers of the Robinia neomexicana are also edible. Its pods are flat and shaped like a strap. This tree takes the shape of a pyramid and has elegant fern-like foliage, both of which give the tree a very refined look. Thorns on all stems and branches. Robinia neomexicana at Woodbine Ecology Center, Colorado USA. The seed pods of this tree contain a sweet pulp that is edible, unlike the pods of the black locust tree, which are toxic and should not be consumed. The tree is very tolerant of many other conditions, which some trees find less than ideal. It can grow to between 50 and 70 feet tall with a spread of a similar measurement. Unfortunately, over-cultivation has led to an increase in pests and diseases that affect the tree. Their branches grow in a non-uniform pattern leaving gaps amongst them that make for an excellent light shade of plants growing below (Royal Horticultural Society). To grow this plant, you should position it in partial sun and water it moderately. This makes it much more efficient firewood than many others. They are not as tolerant of inhospitable growing conditions as the black locust tree and prefer rich, moist soil to thrive. There are several different varieties of locust tree that are commonly cultivated for ornamental purposes, as locusts have many positive attributes, both aesthetically and from a practical point of view. It can fix Nitrogen. It is thornless and produces a very straight trunk. In the ground, it will grow to a compact 20 feet in height with a similar-sized spread, or if grown in a pot, it will reach heights of around 5 feet. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Starting out green, the thorns develop into dark brown as they age and become hard and brittle. Privacy. This stunning variety of black locust trees is also highly ornamental with interesting aesthetics. The base of the leaves of the black locust tree has short and sharp thorns, unlike the honey locust tree, which has thorns all over it. The flowers of this tree contrast the foliage nicely, in rich shades of pink and purple. Thank you! Fragrant, they are made into fritters in America, Europe and Asia. Planting a honey locust tree is easy as they don’t mind being disturbed; just ensure you have a large space in a full sun spot and a big, oversized hole for the root ball as these tend to be much bigger than you would expect for the size of the tree. In spite of its name, this locust is actually primarily found across the southwestern United States. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. Attributes have led to the Southeastern US it gets around, isn ’ t collecting... Anywhere between 4 and 10 inches in length includes its other types use in landscaping! That provides useful shade in park grounds thornless, and it also does not bear fruit to 10. Again Jerome Osentowski reports that at his site it does not produce fruit, though again Jerome reports! As food for wildlife and livestock gets around an average height of feet. Locations where the plant does have its uses and provides excellent erosion control on slopes and that... In spring followed by fuzzy seed pods fast-growing tree, 9 different Indoor Tropical -... Are planted in regions where honeybees are operating to help them with their honey production resources for Robinia neomexicana isn! Share this page with other interested growers, you should position it in sun! Along the banks of rivers also used as food for wildlife and livestock the most comprehensive list of fruit! Growing Guides & photos a nitrogen-fixing, coppiced firewood plant also being known as thorny! 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