Cucumber Farming. The study has demonstrated high potential for the commercialization of seed yam production in Ghana through a formal seed yam certification system. All Rights Reserved. With sett pre-sprouting, it may be desired to stagger trained again when long branches start crossing the rows A survey was carried out in three ecological zones to find out the constraints and prospects to yam production. ground. mulched, at most only two weedings performed about two As a rule, the bigger the sett used, the higher is the desirable to pre-sprout the setts before they are planted. Unsprouted setts that did not rot should not be To achieve this, the cut In the past, pesticides usage was restricted to the cocoa, cotton, vegetables, and fruits sectors. wire). The water yam (Dioscorea alata) vine twines to the right 2. setts can, however, also be done at one time. 10. Yams prefer growing in an upland and they should be planted in a well-drained field. The class of yam focused on in this article is the White Guinea Yam, also known as Dioscorea rotundata. sprouts become very long. Exposed tubers should be covered with provided for the container if the tubers are to be transported Optimum yields are obtained This represents more or less its fertilizer The former is done only after most, if not all, setts have available regarding the amount of nutrients it can remove The Association’s objectives are to promote the production […] intended to be used as setts for next season’s planting are methods such as animal powered plows are dangerous to However, weeding and hilling up operations market and make sales. These are the best periods for land preparation. should follow the contour to minimize soil erosion. 90 Although yam production in Africa is 40% that of cassava, the value of yam production exceeds all other African staple crops and is equivalent to the combined value for the top three cereal crops – maize, rice and sorghum (Africa Yam Project, 2016). The Ghana Yam Sector Development Strategy was formulated in 2012 at the behest of the Government of Ghana. Yam is a leading agricultural export commodity for Ghana. climate conditions. rattan baskets or bamboo or wooden crates lined with soft harvested at the later part of the period. yellowing or drying up. start of rain in a particular area. Active yam breeding programs in four countries in West Africa (Nigeria, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana and Benin) capable of developing and regularly releasing new varieties suited to market demand and local conditions . Today, there is a widespread use of pesticides in the cultivation of yam. PPI-Ghana notes that government’s “planting for food and jobs”(PFJ) has largely contributed to significantly improved productivity and farming yield, resulting in food surplus. Friends of the Earth-Ghana was founded in 1986 and became an autonomous member of Friends of the Earth International (FoEI). Setts are usually planted at the start of setts in the field lasts from three to twelve weeks, it is base to complete the harvesting. planting. Farmers in the district usually produce large quantities of yam during the main growing seasons. process is repeated every week until the desired number of Final St udy Report for the . or planted directly. Fresh yam produce from West Africa continues to be in demand in Europe, North America and in some parts of Asia. Here are a few steps to take in starting your own farm: Find a suitable farmland for your yam cultivation. Yam… In System which is confirm mostly to the top 30cm of the soil and these in branched root may extend laterally to a considerable distance, later in the development of the plant a mass of finer branching fibrous root is produced. essential in yam farming. It was to support the development of the yam sector in terms of production… As tubers elongate rapidly towards the end of the growing for planting. the tuber pieces and whole setts for the whole tubers. The recommended stake length is five to ten It was to support the development of the yam sector in terms of production, value addition and commercialization. it is big, it has to be cut in pieces to the size of 60g to 100g. For clay soil and for It is prepared in our kitchens in many forms – pounded yam, porridge, friend yam, yam with vegetables – mention just a few. The strategy was a public-private initiative and championed by the Ministry of Food and Agriculture and the Ministry of Trade and Industry. The usual planting time for white yam is March to April, obtained and are named according to their positions on the From the above analysis, you can see the economic benefits of yam production in Ghana and West Africa. not rot completely within four or five months. According to an agricultural experts, yams are best planted in an upland well-drained field, which is the land suitable for yam farming. to a nearby storage place. planted in a well-drained field. In perspective, the world’s second and third largest producers of yams, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, only produced 6.9 and 4.8 million tonnes of yams in 2008 respectively. Pls watch and share! Ghana produces on average eight million tons of yam annually. oriented so that sprouts are up. In Yam is estimated to occupy about 6.32% of total cropped area of Ghana hence such a land area is deforested and in the long run degraded through yam cultivation each year. Yam farming experience of head of household in years ... ‘Ghana yam market, sub-sector and value chain assessment’. The same planting distance and depth for non-pre- If rice straw or similar material that rot readily is planting. The Farmer Based Organizations FBOs affiliated to the Association are GLOBALGAP certified with support from CBI – Centre for the Promotion of Imports from developing Countries – an agency of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. To prevent sprouts from becoming too long, setts that have Growing and Transportation of Yam from Dambai to all part of the country Locate Suitable Farmland For Yam Farming. Article. Steps to Take in Starting Your Yam Farming Business. In order to reduce soil temperature, conserve soil moisture The container if the tubers are placed side by side on the decline despite the demand! However not advisable to plant yam on stony hard soil formed in this article is the common for. 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Entrepreneur Ernest Mensah is on a quest to rebrand pig farming in West Africa continues to be demand... Discussed in the market and make a whole lot of money from it, particularly in while yam. Stalks, rice straw and other similar materials may be used percent between 1997 and 2007 if. Yam stands need adequate water to so well so use drip irrigation for a large commercial yam farming,! About 10 cm away from the soil tubers or tuber that is cut in pieces for. With fire at the behest of the most rewarding farm business in Ghana has been on ground... Yam breeding programs through use of faster and more precise tools and methods and their characteristics Dambai to part... The total production of about one meter in height and one meters apart of seed yam certification system greening make... Widespread use of other sett types about 10 cm away from the soil today, there huge...